The monthly Peace Index of the Israel Democracy Institute and Tel Aviv University found that 65% of Jewish Israelis believe Trump’s December announcement was in Israel’s best interest, while two-thirds of Arab-Israeli respondents think it was not.
Furthermore, 64% of the Jewish public thinks that the recent United Nations resolution rejecting the US declaration, is not likely to cause harm to Israel’s interests.
A clear majority, though smaller (59%), also thinks Trump understands Israel’s interests to a very great or moderately great extent.
Segmentation by political camps shows that the overwhelming majority of those on the Right believe the declaration well served Israel’s interests (81%), while more than half of those in the Center (56%), and a minority on the Left (24%) agree.
A similar picture emerged for the pattern of responses to the question on the extent to which the US president understands Israel’s interests. On the Right, a majority of 72% thinks he understands them well, compared to 53% of those in the Center and 30% of those on the Left. In the Arab public, 52% say Trump does not understand Israel’s interests.
Though 72% of the Jewish public believe that – following a comprehensive and stable peace deal between Israel and the Palestinians – Jerusalem should remain the united capital of Israel, over 60% of the general Israeli public agree that “Jerusalem is already divided into two cities: the eastern city and the western city.” This latter statistic is up from 56% in 2008 and 49.5% in 1999.
Among the Arab-Israeli public, 44% want the city to be divided with the eastern part serving as the capital of Palestine and the western part as the capital of Israel, while 22% want it to remain united and be the capital of both Israel and Palestine.
The survey was conducted by telephone and Internet on December 26-27, 2017, by the Midgam Research Institute. The survey included 600 respondents – 500 Jews and 100 Arabs – who constitute a representative national sample of the adult population of Israel, aged 18 and over. The margin of error is ±4.1% at a confidence level of 95%.